It is the medical specialty that studies allergies and how they present themselves. They may be related to substances that we breathe, ingest, or come in contact with.
Family history is very important, and if we have an allergic parent, the chances of having an allergy are very high.
The most common allergies are manifested as rhinitis, asthma, hives, dermatitis or atopic eczema, allergic contact dermatitis, food allergies and anaphylaxis.
Thanks to environmental control measures and vaccines or immunotherapy, the patient can overcome most of the restrictions that predispose to an allergy.
- Skin test
- Epicutaneous tests or path test
- Nasal and conjunctival provocation
- Bronchodynamic test
- Measurement of nitric oxide